Felon Voting
Pros and Cons
Video exploring critical thinking and how it leads to great citizen involvement

Our chart below shows the estimated disenfranchised felon totals for each state and the District of Columbia, as of Dec. 31, 2004. Blank squares indicate that the state does not disenfranchise those population groups.
State Total Voting Population Prisoners Parolees Probationers Jail Inmates Est. Ex-Felons Total Est. Disenfranchised Total Est. % of Voting Pop. Disenfranchised
1. Alabama 3,392,779 30,628 9,098 30,387 1,418 178,516 250,046 7.37%
2. Alaska 459,529 4,658 927 5,083 463   11,132 2.42%
3. Arizona 4,061,499 33,103 9,291 55,259 1,315 77,136 176,103 4.34%
4. Arkansas 2,043,701 13,699 15,461 28,532     57,691 2.82%
5. California 26,064,483 167,612 107,580   7,932   283,124 1.09%
6. Colorado 3,397,937 20,537 6,920   1,180   28,636 0.84%
7. Connecticut 2,647,997 19,012 3,090   752   22,854 0.86%
8. Delaware 618,649 6,808 508 10,818 516 28,028 46,677 7.54%
9. District of Columbia 454,981 374     356   730* 0.16%*
10. Florida 13,094,945 84,210 4,694 127,794 5,565 957,423 1,179,687 9.01%
11. Georgia 6,387,956 46,972 23,530 209,442 3,664   283,607 4.44%
12. Hawaii 960,466 6,265     264   6,530 0.68%
13. Idaho 994,305 6,034 2,767 8,265 350   17,416 1.75%
14. Illinois 9,422,938 44,156     1,669   45,825 0.49%
15. Indiana 4,591,742 24,615     1,630   26,245 0.57%
16. Iowa 2,250,634 8,700 3,446 10,632 330 98,311 121,418 5.39%
17. Kansas 2,028,426 9,333 4,146 13,907 477   27,863 1.37%
18. Kentucky 3,123,645 17,470 9,609 29,311 1,183 128,775 186,348 5.97%
19. Louisiana 3,318,779 36,047 25,065 34,366 2,712   98,190 2.96%
20. Maine 1,018,982           0 0.00%
21. Maryland 4,130,817 23,434 14,223 20,482 1,111 52,272 111,521 2.70%
22. Massachusetts 4,946,304 10,140         10,120 0.20%
23. Michigan 7,541,065 48,173     1,615   49,788 0.66%
24. Minnesota 3,810,605 8,675 3,614 25,768 727   38,784 1.02%
25. Mississippi 2,120,013 23,669 1,816 21,967 1,153 97,550 146,155 6.89%
26. Missouri 4,297,142 30,515 17,123 45,305 810   93,752 2.18%
27. Montana 701,847 3,942     203   4,145 0.59%
28. Nebraska 1,298,451 4,024 736 5,385 239 51,612 61,996 4.77%
29. Nevada 1,659,757 10,606 4,287 6,987 547 21,166 43,594 2.63%
30. New Hampshire 981,456 2,417     170   2,587 0.26%
31. New Jersey 6,506,779 26,619 13,950 85,186 1,423   127,178 1.95%
32. New Mexico 1,372,580 6,466 2,953 8,002 658   18,080 1.32%
33. New York 14,657,367 63,372 55,741   2,904   122,018 0.83%
34. North Carolina 6,319,805 34,298 216 37,136 1,463   73,113 1.16%
35. North Dakota 487,010 1,380     86   1,466 0.30%
36. Ohio 8,620,509 43,927     1,560   45,487 0.53%
37. Oklahoma 2,633,289 22,844 4,047 21,962 688   49,541 1.88%
38. Oregon 2,710,424 13,376     852   14,228 0.52%
39. Pennsylvania 9,534,761 41,626         41,626 0.44%
40. Rhode Island 832,115 3,534 400 16,622 237   20,793 2.50%
41. South Carolina 3,123,648 23,719 2,953 20,904 946   48,523 1.55%
42. South Dakota 568,883 3,138     133   3,271 0.58%
43. Tennessee 4,447,269 25,835 7,983 32,288 2,254 25,899 94,258 2.12%
44. Texas 15,878,347 171,918 101,453 243,413 6,103   522,887 3.29%
45. Utah 1,608,540 5,970         5,970 0.37%
46. Vermont 481,661           0 0.00%
47. Virginia 5,587,563 35,172 5,158 37,463 2,153 297,901 377,847 6.76%
48. Washington 4,634,864 16,229 116 120,014 1,173 29,785 167,316 3.61%
49. West Virginia 1,419,453 4,982 1,308 4,159 352   10,800 0.76%
50. Wisconsin 4,139,405 23,134 12,911 24,873 1,423   62,342 1.51%
51. Wyoming 380,169 2,018 586 3,171 118 14,304 20,198 5.31%
TOTALS 217,766,271 1,315,387 477,704 1,344,883 62,878 2,058,678 5,259,530 2.42%
Total Voting Population Prisoners Parolees Probationers Jail Inmates Est. Ex-Felons Total Est. Disenfranchised Total Est. % of Voting Pop. Disenfranchised
* Does not include the 6,677 D.C. prisoners under the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Prisons

Data is compiled from a variety of sources; Jeff Manza, PhD, Christopher Uggen, PhD, and The Sentencing Project.

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