Number of People by State Who Cannot Vote Due to a Felony Conviction
State Felon Disenfranchisement Totals, 2010


Number of People by State Who Cannot Vote Due to a Felony Conviction: State Felon Disenfranchisement Totals, 2010
In 2010 an estimated 5.85 million people in the United States (2.5% of the nation's voting age population, excluding DC) could not vote due to a felony conviction - an increase from the 2004 total of 5.26 million and the highest number since at least 1960.

7.66% of African Americans in the United States could not vote due to a felony conviction. In Florida 23.32% of African Americans were disenfranchised - the highest percent in the nation.

Chart I below shows the number and percent of disenfranchised voters for the top 10 states with the highest levels of disenfranchisement. Chart II breaks down the total numbers of disenfranchised voters for each state. Chart III shows the rise in disenfranchisement from 1960-2010.

All data below were taken from The Sentencing Project's July 2012 report "State-Level Estimates of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 2010" (452KB) , by Christopher Uggen, Sarah Shannon, and Jeff Manza.

I. Top 10 States with the Highest Percentage of Disenfranchised Voters, 2010

Rank State Total Number of
Disenfranchised Voters
Percent of
Disenfranchised Voters
1 Florida 1,541,602 10.42%
2 Mississippi 182,814 8.27%
3 Kentucky 243,842 7.35%
4 Virginia 451,471 7.34%
5 Alabama 262,354 7.19%
6 Tennessee 341,815 7.05%
7 Wyoming 25,657 5.99%
8 Nevada 86,321 4.24%
9 Arizona 199,734 4.19%
10 Georgia 275,866 3.83%


II. Disenfranchised Voters by State, 2010
Squares containing only the number 0 indicate that the state did not disenfranchise those population groups in 2010.

Since 2010 some states have changed their laws regarding felon disenfranchisement. For example, in 2011, Iowa rescinded automatic vote restoration for convicted felons who have completed their sentence.

For the current laws on felon voting in each state please see our chart on State Felon Voting Laws.

State Prisoners Parolees Felony
Probation
Jail
Ex-Felons Total
  Voting Age
Population
  Percent
Disenfranchised
1. Alabama 31,1764   9,006   22,017   1,536   198,031   262,354 3,647,277 Alabama: 7.19%
2. Alaska 5,597   2,089   6,959   7   0   14,652 522,853 Alaska: 2.80%
3. Arizona 40,130   7,993   54,135   1,583   95,893   199,734 4,763,003 Arizona: 4.19%
4. Arkansas 16,204 21,106 27,250 633 0 65,193 2,204,443 Arkansas: 2.96%
5. California 165,062 105,133 0 8,282 0 278,477 27,958,916 California: 1.00%
6. Colorado 22,815 11,014 0 1,370 0 35,199 3,808,587 Colorado: 0.93%
7. Connecticut 19,321 2,894 0 0 0 22,215 2,757,082 Connecticut: 0.81%
8. Delaware 6,598 560 4,448 0 14,032 25,638 692,169 Delaware: 3.70%
9. Florida 104,306 4,093 103,318 6,525 1,323,360 1,541,602 14,799,219 Florida: 10.42%
10. Georgia 491,64 25,091 197,013 4,597 0 275,866 7,196,101 Georgia: 3.83%
11. Hawaii 5,912 0 0 0 0 5,912 1,056,484 Hawaii: 0.56%
12. Idaho 7,431 3,957 13,721 386 0 25,495 1,138,510 Idaho: 2.24%
13. Illinois 48,418 0 0 2,085 0 50,503 9,701,453 Illinois: 0.52%
14. Indiana 28,028 0 0 1,255 0 29,283 4,875,504 Indiana: 0.60%
15. Iowa 9,455 3,197 8,862 374 0 21,888 2,318,362 Iowa: 0.94%
16. Kansas 9,051 5,063 3,704 691 0 18,509 2,126,179 Kansas: 0.87%
17. Kentucky 20,544 14,628 25,688 1,998 180,984 243,842 3,315,996 Kentucky: 7.35%
18. Louisiana 39,445 26,202 42,599 3,648 0 111,894 3,415,357 Louisiana: 3.28%
19. Maine 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,053,828 Maine: 0.00%
20. Maryland 22,645 13,195 26,164 1,584 63,588 4,420,588 Maryland: 1.44%
21. Massachusetts 11,312 0 0 1,448 0 12,760 5,128,706 Massachusetts: 0.25%
22. Michigan 44,113 0 0 1,820 0 45,933 7,539,572 Michigan: 0.61%
23. Minnesota 9,796 5,807 42,661 962 0 59,226 4,019,862 Minnesota: 1.47%
24. Mississippi 21,067 6,434 26,793 1,173 127,346 182,814 2,211,742 Mississippi: 8.27%
State Prisoners Parolees Felony
Probation
Jail Ex-Felons Total Voting Age
Population
Percent
Disenfranchised
25. Missouri 30,623 19,421 54,916 1,064 0 106,024 4,563,491 Missouri: 2.32%
26. Montana 3,716 0 0 230 0 3,946 765,852 Montana: 0.52%
27. Nebraska 4,587 941 4,080 312 7819 17,739 1,367,120 Nebraska: 1.30%
28. Nevada 12,653 4,964 8,067 717 59,919 86,321 2,035,543 Nevada: 4.24%
29. New Hampshire 2,761 0 0 184 0 2,945 1,029,236 New_Hampshire:_0.29%
30. New Jersey 25,007 15,563 57,517 2,289 0 100,376 6,726,680 New Jersey: 1.49%
31. New Mexico 6,659 3,146 17,781 781 0 28,367 1,540,507 New Mexico: 1.84%
32. New York 56,656 48,542 0 2,935 0 108,133 15,053,173 New York:  0.72%
33. North Carolina 40,116 3,621 36,869 1,826 0 82,432 7,253,848 North Carolina: 1.14%
34. North Dakota 1,487 0 0 97 0 1,584 522,720 North Dakota: 0.30%
35. Ohio 51,712 0 0 2,130 0 53,842 8,805,753 Ohio: 0.61%
36. Oklahoma 26,252 2,627 21,642 970 0 51,491 2,821,685 Oklahoma: 1.82%
37. Oregon 14,014 0 0 683 0 14,679 2,964,621 Oregon: 0.50%
38. Pennsylvania 51,264 0 0 3,608 0 54,872 9,910,224 Pennsylvania: 0.55%
39. Rhode Island 3,357 0 0 0 0 3,357 828,611 Rhode Island: 0.41%
40. South Carolina 23,578 6,412 11,739 1,427 0 43,156 3,544,890 South Carolina: 1.22%
41. South Dakota 3,434 2,843 0 145 0 6,422 611,383 South Dakota: 1.05%
42. Tennessee 27,451 12,157 52,178 2,221 247,808 341,815 4,850,104 Tennessee: 7.05%
43. Texas 173,649 104,763 247,136 6,939 0 532,487 18,279,737 Texas: 2.91%
44. Utah 6,807 0 0 672 0 7,479 1,892,858 Utah: 0.40%
45. Vermont 0 0 0 0 0 0 496,508 Vermont: 0.00%
46. Virginia 37,410 2,624 56,654 2,840 351,943 451,471 6,147,347 Virginia: 7.34%
47. Washington 18,235 6,956 26,785 1,114 0 53,090 5,143,186 Washington: 1.03%
48. West Virginia 6,681 1,796 6,876 288 0 15,640 1,465,576 West Virginia: 1.07%
49. Wisconsin 22,724 19,572 22,602 1,361 0 66,259 4,347,494 Wisconsin: 1.52%
50. Wyoming 2,112 682 3,236 157 19,470 25,657 428,224 Wyoming: 5.99%
State Prisoners Parolees Felony
Probation
Jail
Ex-Felons Total
  Voting Age
Population
  Percent
Disenfranchised
US Totals: 1,391,123 524,092 1,233,412 76,949 2,626,604 5,852,180 234,564,071 2.50%


III. Disenfranchised Voters, 1960-2010
In 1960, the number of voters who were disenfranchised due to a felony conviction was 1,762,582. By the late 1970s this number dropped 33% to 1,176,234, but then began to rise.

By 2010 the number of people who lost the vote due to a felony conviction had grown to 5,852,180.

This graph was taken from The Sentencing Project's July 2012 report "State-Level Estimates of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 2010" (452KB) .