Jail, Prison, Parole, and Probation Populations in the US, 1980-2013



Year Probation
(not shown in graph above)
Jail Prison Parole Total Correctional Population
1980 1,118,097 182,288 319,598 220,438 1,840,400
1981 1,225,934 195,085 360,029 225,539 2,006,600
1982 1,357,264 207,853 402,914 224,604 2,192,600
1983 1,582,947 221,815 423,898 246,440 2,475,100
1984 1,740,948 233,018 448,264 266,992 2,689,200
1985 1,968,712 254,986 487,593 300,203 3,011,500
1986 2,114,621 272,736 526,436 325,638 3,239,400
1987 2,247,158 294,092 562,814 355,505 3,459,600
1988 2,356,483 341,893 607,766 407,977 3,714,100
1989 2,522,125 393,303 683,367 456,803 4,055,600
1990 2,670,234 403,019 743,382 531,407 4,384,000
1991 2,728,472 424,129 792,535 590,442 4,535,600
1992 2,811,611 441,780 850,566 658,601 4,762,600
1993 2,903,061 455,500 909,381 676,100 4,944,000
1994 2,981,022 479,800 990,147 690,371 5,141,300
1995 3,077,861 499,300 1,078,542 679,421 5,335,100
1996 3,164,996 510,400 1,127,528 679,733 5,482,700
1997 3,296,513 557,974 1,176,564 694,787 5,725,800
1998 3,670,441 584,372 1,224,469 696,385 6,126,100
1999 3,779,922 596,485 1,287,172 714,457 6,331,400
2000 3,826,209 613,534 1,316,333 723,898 6,437,400
2001 3,931,731 623,628 1,330,007 732,333 6,574,100
2002 4,024,067 658,228 1,367,547 750,934 6,750,500
2003 4,120,012 684,431 1,390,279 769,925 6,917,700
2004 4,143,792 706,907 1,421,345 771,852 6,987,900
2005 4,166,757 740,770 1,448,344 780,616 7,045,100
2006 4,215,361 759,717 1,492,973 799,875 7,176,000
2007 4,234,471 773,341 1,517,867 821,177 7,267,500
2008 4,244,046 777,852 1,522,834 824,834 7,274,600
2009 4,203,967 760,400 1,524,513 819,308 7,225,800
2010 4,055,500 748,700 1,613,800 840,700 7,088,500
2011 3,971,300 735,600 1,599,000 853,900 6,990,400
2012 3,942,800 744,500 1,570,400 851,200 6,940,500
2013 3,910,600 731,200 1,574,700 853,200 6,899,000
Year Probation
(not shown in graph above)
Jail Prison Parole Total Correctional Population


Sources:
US Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Key Facts at a Glance: Correctional Populations," bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov, June 29, 2011
US Bureau of Justice Statistics, "Correctional Populations in the United States, 2013," bjs.gov, Dec. 2014