Last updated on: 10/4/2017 | Author: ProCon.org

State Felon Disenfranchisement Totals, 2010

In 2010 an estimated 5.85 million people in the United States (2.5% of the nation’s voting age population, excluding DC) could not vote due to a felony conviction – an increase from the 2004 total of 5.26 million and the highest number since at least 1960.

7.66% of African Americans in the United States could not vote due to a felony conviction. In Florida 23.32% of African Americans were disenfranchised – the highest percent in the nation.

Chart I below shows the number and percent of disenfranchised voters for the top 10 states with the highest levels of disenfranchisement. Chart II breaks down the total numbers of disenfranchised voters for each state. Chart III shows the rise in disenfranchisement from 1960-2010.

All data below were taken from The Sentencing Project’s July 2012 report “State-Level Estimates of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 2010, by Christopher Uggen, Sarah Shannon, and Jeff Manza.

 

I. Top 10 States with the Highest Percentage of Disenfranchised Voters, 2010

Rank State Total Number of
Disenfranchised Voters
 Percent of
Disenfranchised Voters
       
1 Florida 1,541,602 10.42%
2 Mississippi 182,814 8.27%
3 Kentucky 243,842 7.35%
4 Virginia 451,471 7.34%
5 Alabama 262,354 7.19%
6 Tennessee 341,815 7.05%
7 Wyoming 25,657 5.99%
8 Nevada 86,321 4.24%
9 Arizona 199,734 4.19%
10 Georgia 275,866 3.83%

 

II. Disenfranchised Voters by State, 2010

Squares containing only the number 0 indicate that the state did not disenfranchise those population groups in 2010.

Since 2010 some states have changed their laws regarding felon disenfranchisement. For example, in 2011, Iowa rescinded automatic vote restoration for convicted felons who have completed their sentence.

For the current laws on felon voting in each state please see our chart on State Felon Voting Laws.

 StatePrisonersParoleesFelony ProbationJail Ex-FelonsTotalVoting AgePopulationPercent Disenfranchised
1.Alabama31,17649,00622,0171,536198,031262,3543,647,277Alabama: 7.19%
2.Alaska5,5972,0896,9597014,652522,853Alaska: 2.80%
3.Arizona40,1307,99354,1351,58395,893199,7344,763,003Arizona: 4.19%
4.Arkansas16,20421,10627,250633065,1932,204,443Arkansas: 2.96%
5.California165,062105,13308,2820278,47727,958,916California: 1.00%
6.Colorado22,81511,01401,370035,1993,808,587Colorado: 0.93%
7.Connecticut19,3212,89400022,2152,757,082Connecticut: 0.81%
8.Delaware6,5985604,448014,03225,638692,169Delaware: 3.70%
9.Florida104,3064,093103,3186,5251,323,3601,541,60214,799,219Florida: 10.42%
10.Georgia491,6425,091197,0134,5970275,8667,196,101Georgia: 3.83%
11.Hawaii5,91200005,9121,056,484Hawaii: 0.56%
12.Idaho7,4313,95713,721386025,4951,138,510Idaho: 2.24%
13.Illinois48,418002,085050,5039,701,453Illinois: 0.52%
14.Indiana28,028001,255029,2834,875,504Indiana: 0.60%
15.Iowa9,4553,1978,862374021,8882,318,362Iowa: 0.94%
16.Kansas9,0515,0633,704691018,5092,126,179Kansas: 0.87%
17.Kentucky20,54414,62825,6881,998180,984243,8423,315,996Kentucky: 7.35%
18.Louisiana39,44526,20242,5993,6480111,8943,415,357Louisiana: 3.28%
19.Maine0000001,053,828Maine: 0.00%
20.Maryland22,64513,19526,1641,584 63,5884,420,588Maryland: 1.44%
21.Massachusetts11,312001,448012,7605,128,706Massachusetts: 0.25%
22.Michigan44,113001,820045,9337,539,572Michigan: 0.61%
23.Minnesota9,7965,80742,661962059,2264,019,862Minnesota: 1.47%
24.Mississippi21,0676,43426,7931,173127,346182,8142,211,742Mississippi: 8.27%
 StatePrisonersParoleesFelony ProbationJailEx-FelonsTotalVoting AgePopulationPercent Disenfranchised
25.Missouri30,62319,42154,9161,0640106,0244,563,491Missouri: 2.32%
26.Montana3,7160023003,946765,852Montana: 0.52%
27.Nebraska4,5879414,080312781917,7391,367,120Nebraska: 1.30%
28.Nevada12,6534,9648,06771759,91986,3212,035,543Nevada: 4.24%
29.New Hampshire2,7610018402,9451,029,236New_Hampshire: 0.29%
30.New Jersey25,00715,56357,5172,2890100,3766,726,680New Jersey: 1.49%
31.New Mexico6,6593,14617,781781028,3671,540,507New Mexico: 1.84%
32.New York56,65648,54202,9350108,13315,053,173New York: 0.72%
33.North Carolina40,1163,62136,8691,826082,4327,253,848North Carolina: 1.14%
34.North Dakota1,487009701,584522,720North Dakota: 0.30%
35.Ohio51,712002,130053,8428,805,753Ohio: 0.61%
36.Oklahoma26,2522,62721,642970051,4912,821,685Oklahoma: 1.82%
37.Oregon14,01400683014,6792,964,621Oregon: 0.50%
38.Pennsylvania51,264003,608054,8729,910,224Pennsylvania: 0.55%
39.Rhode Island3,35700003,357828,611Rhode Island: 0.41%
40.South Carolina23,5786,41211,7391,427043,1563,544,890South Carolina: 1.22%
41.South Dakota3,4342,843014506,422611,383South Dakota: 1.05%
42.Tennessee27,45112,15752,1782,221247,808341,8154,850,104Tennessee: 7.05%
43.Texas173,649104,763247,1366,9390532,48718,279,737Texas: 2.91%
44.Utah6,8070067207,4791,892,858Utah: 0.40%
45.Vermont000000496,508Vermont: 0.00%
46.Virginia37,4102,62456,6542,840351,943451,4716,147,347Virginia: 7.34%
47.Washington18,2356,95626,7851,114053,0905,143,186Washington: 1.03%
48.West Virginia6,6811,7966,876288015,6401,465,576West Virginia: 1.07%
49.Wisconsin22,72419,57222,6021,361066,2594,347,494Wisconsin: 1.52%
50.Wyoming2,1126823,23615719,47025,657428,224Wyoming: 5.99%
 StatePrisonersParoleesFelony ProbationJail Ex-FelonsTotalVoting AgePopulationPercent Disenfranchised
 
 US Totals:1,391,123524,0921,233,41276,9492,626,6045,852,180234,564,0712.50%

 

III. Disenfranchised Voters, 1960-2010

In 1960, the number of voters who were disenfranchised due to a felony conviction was 1,762,582. By the late 1970s this number dropped 33% to 1,176,234, but then began to rise.

By 2010 the number of people who lost the vote due to a felony conviction had grown to 5,852,180.

This graph was taken from The Sentencing Project’s July 2012 report “State-Level Estimates of Felon Disenfranchisement in the United States, 2010.