Last updated on: 11/28/2007 | Author: ProCon.org

Thurgood Marshall, JD Biography

Title:
Former Associate Justice for the U.S. Supreme Court
Position:
Pro to the question "Should Felons Who Have Completed Their Sentence (Incarceration, Probation, and Parole) Be Allowed to Vote?"
Reasoning:

“[T]he denial of a right to vote to such persons [ex-offenders] is hindrance to the efforts of society to rehabilitate former felons and convert them into law-abiding and productive citizens.”

Dissent, Richardson v. Ramirez, 1974

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with PhD's, JD's, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to felon voting issues. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to felon voting issues.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • BWI Airport was renamed Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, 2005
  • Thurgood Marshall postage stamp issued, 2003
  • Thurgood Marshall Memorial established, Maryland State House in Annapolis, 1996
  • Third College, part University of California, San Diego, was officially renamed as Thurgood Marshall College, 1993
  • Associate Justice, U.S. Supreme Court (appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson), 1967-1991
  • U.S. Solicitor General (appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson), 1965-1967
  • First African-American member of the US Supreme Court, 1967
  • Judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (appointed by President John F. Kennedy), 1961-1965
  • Director-Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, 1940-1961
  • Chief Counsel, NAACP, 1938-1940
  • Special Counsel, NAACP New York, 1936-1938
  • Initiated civil rights work in Maryland against lynching and for equal pay for teachers, 1933-1938
  • Attorney, NAACP Baltimore, 1934-1936
Education:
  • JD, magna cum laude, Howard University, 1933
  • BA, cum laude, Lincoln University, PA, 1930
  • Graduate, Frederick Douglass High School, Baltimore, MD, 1925
Other:
  • Marshall died of heart failure at National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland, at 2 p.m. on January 24, 1993. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
  • He won 29 out of the 32 cases he argued before the U.S. Supreme Court (14 as a private lawyer and 18 as Solicitor General of the United States).
  • His most famous case as a lawyer was Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483, 1954