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T E R M S
A
Anachronism
Animus
Attainted

B


C
Citizen
Clemency
Constituents

D
Democracy
Dilution
Disenfranchise

E

F
Felony
Franchise

G

H

I
Incarcerated

J
Jail

K

L

M
Misdemeanor

N

O

P
Pandering
Pardon
Parole
Partisan
Prison
Probation
Purge

Q

R
Recidivism
Restitution
Retribution

S
Sanction
Suffrage

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z


 
TERM DEFINITION
Anachronism  
Something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred; an artifact that belongs to another time; a person who seems to be displaced in time; who belongs to another age.

Animus  
A feeling of animosity; ill will.

Attainted  
To impart stigma to; disgrace.

Citizen
A person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or nation; A resident of a city or town, especially one entitled to vote and enjoy other privileges there.

Clemency
Leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with administering justice.

Constituents
A resident of a district or member of a group represented by an elected official; One that authorizes another to act as a representative.

Democracy
Government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives; A political or social unit that has such a government; The common people, considered as the primary source of political power; Majority rule; The principles of social equality and respect for the individual within a community.

Dilution
The process of making weaker or less concentrated; A dilute or weakened condition.

Disenfranchise
To deprive of a franchise, of a legal right, or of some privilege or immunity; especially: to deprive of the right to vote.

Felony
A crime that has a greater punishment imposed by statute than that imposed on a misdemeanor; specifically: a federal crime for which the punishment may be death or imprisonment for more than a year.

Franchise
A privilege or right officially granted a person or a group by a government, especially the
  • constitutional or statutory right to vote,
  • establishment of a corporation's existence,
  • granting of certain rights and powers to a corporation, and
  • legal immunity from servitude, certain burdens, or other restrictions.

Incarcerated
To be put into jail; To shut in; confine.

Jail Jails are run by local law enforcement such as cities or counties. They normally contain inmates with sentences of less than one year and people who are being held pending a trial, awaiting sentencing, or awaiting transfer to other facilities after a conviction. Jails typically house half the number of inmates that prisons hold.

Misdemeanor
A crime that carries a less severe punishment than a felony; specifically: a crime punishable by a fine and by a term of imprisonment not to be served in a penitentiary and not to exceed one year.

Pandering
To cater to the lower tastes and desires of others or exploit their weaknesses.

Pardon
To release (a person) from punishment; exempt from penalty; To let (an offense) pass without punishment.

Parole
Parole is the release of a prisoner to supervision in the community after he/she has completed a part of his/her sentence in incarceration. People granted parole usually have to report periodically to parole agents and must adhere to certain conditions and rules of conduct set by the court. A violation of parole conditions can result in the person being returned to prison to serve the remainder of their sentence or more.

Partisan
Devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause.

Probation
Instead of being sentenced to a jail or prison sentence, probation allows a convicted criminal to serve out their sentence in the community. A sentence of probation is often the punishment for misdemeanor charges, and is sometimes granted for felony charges as well.  People sentenced to probation must adhere to certain conditions and rules of conduct set by the court, and may have to report periodically to a probation officer.  A violation of probation conditions may result in the person being incarcerated to serve the remainder of their sentence or more.

Prison Prisons are run by state governments and the federal government. Prisons typically hold felons and people with sentences of more than 364 days.

Purge
To remove by or as if by cleansing. Where felons are removed from a state's list of approved voters.

Recidivism
A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits.

Restitution
The act of restoring to the rightful owner something that has been taken away, lost, or surrendered; The act of making good or compensating for loss, damage, or injury; indemnification.

Retribution
Punishment imposed (as on a convicted criminal) for purposes of repayment or revenge for the wrong committed.

Sanction
The penalty for noncompliance specified in a law or decree.

Suffrage
The right or privilege of voting; franchise; The exercise of such a right.